Selasa, 15 Mei 2012

Computer Education

By: Rofinus Emi Lejap
Computer Education for Children


I know and use the new computer in 1989. While previous work using ordinary typewriter  and electric typewriter. Computer education, the term had not been heard at that time. So at that time already included wonderful when working with electronic typewriters, although many limitations as well.

In 1992, the campus was introduced as a means of computer do the work and a thesis by using a 3 disc sizes 51/2 ", ie dos floppy, diskette Microsoft Word versions 4.0 and floppy data.
Although slow and busy with the disks, but then we are very proud as a computer operator. It would be more complete if the computer is specifically studied in an educational institution, and the computer is called computer education lesson.

Software is also known at that time only a few, such as WordStar, Lotus, dBase, WordPerfect and Rapidfile. All software, the operation still depends on the diskette with the DOS prompt that looks a> or b>. Prompt a and b, pointing to the drive, where it runs DOS diskette.

But in a relatively short time, computers have become the preferred means of advanced students, because since the 1990s, some private schools have to enter the computer as one of the extra-curricular subjects.

Windows version 3 emerged as the belle of the operating system to get rid of the DOS diskette. But still used because the data disk drive capacity is not enough time as it is now. Although sophisticated and cool sounding, but computer education seems to have accepted and recognized in the curriculum.

Recently around the year 2004, computers in Indonesia was officially accepted as a compulsory subject use the term Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Computers that in previous years a place outside school hours, began also to show his face in the schedule of formal lessons in school. There are educational institutions have begun speaking with the school to promote educational excellence frills computer.

Computer education appear attractive with a thousand million hopes and fears. Computers can be used to process data from various types, but also bring issues that concern the hidden danger that some parents. Though they themselves may be curious to prove the truth of the issue.

Computer Education neutralize the pros and cons of natural communities, about the negative and positive impacts of computers with internet network.

With the breadth of the Internet system penetrated into various fields of communications and media work, the negative impact of the worries vanished ringleader. Internet should be restricted to the computer, but the phone in various types mengeksposenya openly with the wider network up to the outposts.

Computer education provide guidance, lessons, training and extension objectively, especially benefits the use of computers. Ratio Participants learn the soul and filled with positive things to build and develop. But the pros and cons only occur at a time when the program must be launched. Now computers and the internet has become a liability that must be accepted and dealt with.

Right through the Computer Education will lead the participants to learn, so that they themselves decide later. Whether developing a positive and useful things in the way of negative or harmful. The world was overwhelmed by the positive aura, so it's very unlikely that the negative can develop properly.

Computers are to be learned, it is not wrong to call education practitioners with various terms. Some call it education or learning computer information technology, or software is also suitable materials.

Computer education has a purpose, namely that the operator or user can implement the various demands of the workforce, information and entertainment, and so forth. Because computers can not work automatically, but it takes a smart man and skilled to operate the system that ultimately generate the required data.

Computer education should be learned early in the types and levels of education. Since the playgroup, primary schools, secondary schools and colleges.

Problems associated with negative things that concern some parents, need not be feared. Because without a computer and internet crime was still present in other media. At this era of information technology, computer education should be placed in the correct position.

Distance Learning

By: Rofinus Emi Lejap
Today an increasing number of educational institutions in different countries presents instructional material or lecture electronically, either as a complement or substitute for face to face learning. Learning is thus also called online learning or distance learning using computer technology with internet connection

Some schools or colleges online learning activities organized in addition to the subject matter presented in class on a regular basis. And no school or college conducting Distance Learning as an alternative. It's very possible for the student or students who can not follow the regular process of learning.
Distance Learning


Some universities overseas, has made the electronic learning or e-Learning, as an alternative learning that can be selected by the student. So the whole process of college students following the start of registration, consultation, program and course material and delivery of the tasks carried out over the internet.

Distance learning allows participants to learn learning through computers in their respective places without having to physically go to follow the lessons in the classroom. Student / student could be in Jakarta, while the teacher or instructor and the lesson that followed was in town or in another country.

Distance learning as an alternative learning in various educational institutions and training is increasing in line with developments in the field of communications and information technology.

In telecommunications infrastructure that supports the implementation of distance learning has begun to be enjoyed also by those in small towns in the district.

And many educational institutions are increasingly complement the study with various facilities. Facilities that include the procurement of a computer lab, a connection to the internet, website development, development of local area network or intranet.

Distance learning also provides opportunities for teachers at the elementary level or lecturers at universities should increase the competence of self by:

• Following the training development of electronic learning materials,
• Identify a variety of electronic learning platform
• Conduct experiments on the use of certain electronic learning platform for presenting the material.
• Through e-learning activities, students or students can communicate with the teacher or teachers at any 
   time, via e-mail to a closed or open communication through the bulletin board.
• Through distance learning through e-Learning, students / student may be possible to continue to learn even 
   if not physically present in class.

Learning activities to be very flexible because it can be adapted to the availability of time students / student. Learning activities occur through the interaction of students / students with learning resources that are available and can be accessed from the internet.

Therefore, the notion of distance learning, electronic learning the functions and benefits of e-learning should be informed to the parents, the student / prospective student learners. It means that by understanding the distance learning system, they can follow it correctly.

Education and distance learning based on the interests and needs of students. Cognitive or intellectual, affective or emotional / feeling (EQ), and psychomotor skills or useful for practical life. Thus the pupil / student can grow and become more humane.

Above aspects of accountability in the distance learning system, controlled through the work tasks and responsibilities in writing. Personal consultation and questions concerning learning materials is done by email. And the subject matter could be presented in person and group by means of the website.


Senin, 14 Mei 2012

Computers For Kids

By: Rofinus Emi Lejap

The Importance of Computers for Children

Online system was created for all people from different generations. Children are the inheritors of the future of a nation. Entering the era of information and communications technology, increasingly provide opportunities for children to prepare them better. For that computer learning for children is absolutely necessary.

Computers for children is certainly not as complicated and as difficult as computers for adults. The principle of the introduction of hardware or software or hardware and software is presented in an easy and fun for the kids.

Competence is raised and to be achieved remains a goal of learning, but learning does not have a serious mood and tense. Basic competencies are developed through a computer for children, namely cognitive, affective, psychomotor, and kinetic. Each competency was found also in other fields of study that are integral.
She likes to Learn


Distinctiveness lies in the use of computer hardware and software as a tool as the 'entrance' to learn other subjects. But still as a standalone computer that subject has its own specifications and competence.

Computers for children is very important because it helps them to accept a variety of information and knowledge as a whole, the kinetic, visual and auditory. Thus the existing competence in the child the more aroused and more reactive.

Ages to learn
There are some parents are introducing computers to children at a very early age, ie 2 or 3 years. While the formal introduction of the guidance, when the children came playgroup and kindergarten.

But there are also parents who forbid their children acquainted with computers let alone internet. That may be influenced by the view that the 'crime' is presented and paraded through the computer and internet media. That view is true, but the practitioners of education or the system would know how to secure to present computer lessons to children.

The principle is that the sooner the better!
This means that the sooner the child to know and use the computer correctly, the more he helped to compete in various fields. While the children in the modern age of computers and the internet keep his life will be like 'blind' in the afternoon. For that parents need to be observant and thoughtful response to all the technology.

Computer Safety for Children
The computer is an electronic media which is always associated with electric operations. For the assembly and installation of all devices should account for its safety aspects, especially for humans.

Security first, keep the child from harm Strum hardware components which may be due to the cable-kanelnya not insulated.

Securing a second, reducing the electronic radiation to monitor the exact position.

The third security, encouraging children to always maintain visibility of the monitor so as not to get too close.

The fourth security, disable or uninstall the software connection hazards or which may distract children from learning purpose computer, such as horror games.

The fifth security, remove / delete content in the form of video and images that contain elements of horror and pornography that may affect the spirit and behavior of children.

Computer Software for Children
Sosfware learned tailored to the type and level of education of children.
For children at Playgroup and Nursery, the corresponding software is based multimedia.
Interactive video material, adio visual child will be more attracted to each material. For example, the color 'Red', is displayed with a red colored object is accompanied by its pronunciation. And compared with other colors with different objects and the spoken name of the displayed objects. Another example, figure 1 is displayed visually '1' pronounced 'One' and is exemplified in a number of objects, such as 'one butterfly'.

Computers for children in grade levels one and two elementary school-based multimedia is still dominant, but is mixed with the appropriate software knowledge required competencies in the curriculum for computer classes. For example, mathematical software, writer, and simple graphics.

While the computer for children in grade three to grade six programs studied are a graphical program, writer and office basic and basic programing. The learners at the primary level is accustomed to using a computer with a variety of applications for tasks of the teacher.

By accustomed to using computers in learning, it is expected that children someday in the future, will also more skilled at handling a variety of work using a computer.

Teachers / instructors Computers for Kids
Teachers who teach computers to children at least should meet the criteria:

• Know and understand the workings of the computer machine.
• May operate a variety of application programs, especially computer for children
• It can be overcome in a simple error before requesting technical assistance, when an interruption in 
   computer operations.
• Have competence as educators, teachers and tutors.
• Loving the world of children.
• Knowing the creativity and passion of children

Patterns of Computer Learning for Children
Computer learning for children still refer to the basic competencies to be developed, taking into account the subjects studied.

Dominant pattern of practice, but also taking into account the security aspects and the use of hardware and software correctly. Especially for kids playgroup and kindergarten, they were led to the use pattern of play. Thus the goal is reached and they are still excited to learn to love computers.

The game certainly is not through physical interaction, but by way of accompaniment, played by teachers and interactive software for children.

The game is physically expected because obviously contrary to the computer lab situation. Learning competencies of information technology and communications or computer is also very stressed logic, analysis, mathematical educate intellectually.

Evaluation Computers for Children
Evaluation of training tasks and repetition, together with other fields of study. Only the assessment for children Playgroup and kindergarten, the evaluation was not done in writing, but with practice.

Basically the school and parents continue to demand a written report of a child's learning. So creativity, foresight and patience teacher should still be devoted to the success of children. False report as a mask to display the learning outcomes of children with 'the writing teachers', will greatly tarnish the noble goals of education.

Computers for the children of future generations to lead the nation into an era of information technology and the moral and dignified.